Bookcover of Quadriceps force after non- hinged and hinged TKA
Booktitle:

Quadriceps force after non- hinged and hinged TKA

-An in vitro biomechanical study-

VDM Verlag Dr. Müller (2009-06-24 )

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ISBN-13:

978-3-639-16832-7

ISBN-10:
3639168321
EAN:
9783639168327
Book language:
English
Blurb/Shorttext:
Patients who received total knee arthroplasty frequently show problems during knee extension exercises due to biomechanical alterations. Hinged knee prostheses, which provide higher stability than non-hinged designs, were supposed to minimize them. Therefore we investigated the quadriceps force required to extend the knee after non-hinged and hinged total knee arthroplasty. Human knee specimens were tested in a kinematic knee simulator in physiologic conditions, after implantation of two types of non-hinged cruciate retaining prosthesis and a hinged prosthesis. During simulation of an extension cycle, the change of quadriceps force to produce the constant extension moment of 31 Nm was measured using a load cell attached to the quadriceps tendon. After implantation of the non- hinged prostheses maximum quadriceps force increased up to 1257 N in knee extension. Following the implantation of the hinged prosthesis quadriceps extension force decreased to 690 N in extension. Hinged knee prostheses improve the lever arm in knee extension due to higher knee joint stability. This would offer a potential advantage for patients.
Publishing house:
VDM Verlag Dr. Müller
Website:
http://www.vdm-verlag.de
By (author) :
Sven Ostermeier
Number of pages:
48
Published on:
2009-06-24
Stock:
Available
Category:
Medicine
Price:
49.00 €
Keywords:
total knee arthroplasty, hinged, quadriceps force, Biomechanics

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